GardenGuard Cane Corso Kennel
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CANE CORSO: STANDARD

Translation: Dr. Antonio Morsiani, Dr. J.M.Paschoud, Prof. R.Triquet
Origin: Italy
Utilization: Guard, protection, police, and tracking dog.
F.C.I. Classification: Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer Type, Molossians and Swiss cattle dogs
Section 2: Molossians

Brief historical summary
Its direct ancestor is the old Roman Molossian. Formerly scattered all over Italy, in the recent past the breed is only prevalent in the Province Apulia and in the adjacent region of Southem Italy. His name derives from the Latin "cohors", which means "protector, gardian of the farmyard".

General appearance
Medium to large-sized. Robust and struly built, nevertheless elegant. Thin, with powerful long muscles.

Important proportions

The length of the head reaches 36% of height at withers. The dog is somewhat longer than bigh.

Behaviour/Temperament
Guardian of property, family and lěvestock; extremely agile and responsive. In the past, it has been used for herding cattie and hunting big game.

Cranial region
Skull: wide, at the zygomatic arch its width is equal to or greater than its length. Convex in front, it becomes fairly flat behind the forehead as far as the occiput. The medio-frontal furrow is visible.
Stop: marcked.

Ficial region

* Nose: black and large with ample, open nostrils on the same line as the nasal bridge.
* Muzzle: noticeable shorter than the skull (ratio muzzie: skull = 1:2), strong, extremelysquare, with a flat front face and parallel, nearly as wide as long, lateral surfaces. The profile of the nasal bridge is rectilinear.
* Lips: the upper lips hang moderately and cover the mandible ,so that the lower profile of muzzle is determined by the lips.
* Jaw/teeth: jaw very large, thick and curved. Slightly undershot. Level bite acceptable, but not sought after.
* Eyes: medium-sized, ovoid, looking directly forward, slightly protruding. Eyelids close fitting. Colour of iris as dark as possible, depending from the colour of the coat.Expression keen and attentive.
* Ears: triangular, drooping, with a large set on high above the zigomatic arch. Almost always cropped in the shape of an equidateral triangle.
* Neck: strong, fairly thin, muscular,as long asthe head.
* Body: the body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers. Sturdily built, but not squat.
* Withers: pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.
* Back: rectilinear, very muscular and firm.
* Lions: short and solid.
* Croup: long, wide, slightly inclined.
* Chest: well developed in three dimension, reaches to the elbow.
* Tail: set on of the tail fairly high; very thick at the root. The tail is docked at fourth vertebra . In action carried high, but never curied nor erect.

Forequartes

* Shoulder: long, oblique, very muscular.
* Upperarm: strong and solid.
* Forearm: straight, very strong.
* Carpal jont and pasterns: elastic.
* Forefeet: cat fect.

Hindquarters

* Upper thigh: wide, posteriorly convex.
* Lower thigh: thin, strong.
* Hocks moderately: angulated.
* Metatarsals: thick and narrow.
* Hindfeet: slightly less compact than the forefeet.

Skin: fairly thick, rather close fitting.

Coat

* Hair: short (not smooth), shiny, sticking, very thick with a light undercoat.
* Colour: : black, lard grey, slate, light grey, light fawn, stag red and dark fawn, brindle (stripes on different shades of fawn or grey), in fawn coloured and brindle dogs, the black or grey mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes. A small white patch on the chest, on the tips of feet and on the bridge of nose is acceptable.

Height and Weightv

* Height at the withers:Males from 64 to 68 cm
Females from 60 to 64 cm
Tolerance of 2 cm more or less.
* Weight: Males from 45 to 50 kg - Females from 40 to 45 kg

Faults
any departure from the feregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault shoild be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Severe faults:

* Parallelism or very marked converging of axes of muzzle and the skull; converging side lines of muzzle.
* Scissors bite, pronounced undershot mouth.
* Nose: partial depigmentation.
* Tail: ring-tail, tail in vertical position.
* Size: over-or undersěze.
* Movement: permanent amble.

Eliminating fault:

* Axes of muzzle and the skull diverging.
* Overshot mouth.
* Bridge of nose resolutely hollow, ram's nose.
* Nose: total depigmentation.
* Eyes: partial and bilateral palpebrai depigmentation, wall eye, bilateral strabism.
* Tail: tailless, short tail (atificial or congenial).
* Hair: semi-long, smooth, fringed.
* Colour: all colours not indicated in the standard; white patches too large.

Note: male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.